Tretinoin is a derivative of vitamin A. It is used on the skin (topically) in the treatment of mild to moderate acne and on the pea-sized that has been damaged by excessive exposure to the sun. Tretinoin irritates the skin and causes the cells of the skin to grow (divide) and die more rapidly, increasing the turnover of cells. The number of layers of cells in the skin is reduced. In people with acne, new cells replace the cells of existing pimples, and the rapid turnover of cells prevents new pimples forming. By a similar mechanism, tretinoin reduces wrinkles, areas of darkened skin (hyperpigmentation), and rough areas of skin, all of which occur in sun-damaged skin.
We recommend first of all and the most important skin care product Tretinion. The gold standard of aging, this product is the only product on the market backed by scientific evidence to reverse the signs of ageing. If you have not used Tretinion before it is important you go for the lowest concentration of 0.025% and gradually build up a tolerance. Begin by using 3 nights a week just a pea-sized amount just enough to cover your whole face, then after 2 weeks build up to every other night and so on. Always use a good SPF 30 + the following morning.
We recommend adding Vitamin C+E+ Ferulic acid Serum & hyaluronic acid in your AM routine
Viatmin C is a powerful anti antioxidant fighting free radicals. Clinical trials have proven a combination of vitamins A C E in skin care products highly effective Retin-A to be extremely effective when paired with Vitamin C.
Our Vitamin C serum promotes optimal results with Retin-A as it fights against free radicals and protects the Retin-A from oxidation as it penetrates deeper into the skin, thereby increasing it’s anti-aging properties.
Hyaluronic Acid Is a super hydrating, plumping and firming serum locking in & retaining the skin’s moisture which can be lost due to the drying effect off Retin-A. Hyaluronic acid really does go hand in hand with your Retin-A routine, apply every morning to achieve the best results.
In people with sun-damaged skin, improvements in the skin usually are seen within the first 3 to 4 weeks of treatment. Brown spots begin to fade after six to eight weeks wrinkles fine lines decrease or disappear after three to six months.
To reduce the side effects, simply begin incorporating it into your skincare routine slowly. You can start using it once or twice a week and increase the amount you use. For example, on week one use it Monday and Thursday. Week two on Monday, Thursday, and Saturday. Week three Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Sunday. So on and so forth.
Make sure that your skin is completely dry before applying Tretinoin to your skin. Ideally, you should wait 20 minutes after washing your face to use it. Damp skin increases its topical permeability, which will make it more irritating.
You need to begin with the lowest available concentration of retin-a Tretinoin which is the 0.025% begin by using 2 nights a week in the evening after cleansing before bed as retin-a tretinoin increases your sensitivity to the sun after apply 2 nights a week after 2 weeks build up to 3 nights and gradually build up from there you will need to keep your skin hydrated in your am routine and apply a good spf 30 and above be dilligant with your sun protection
I am 60 years of age is it too late to use Retin-A?
It is never too late to start using Retin-A although the sooner you incorporate Retin-A into your routine the better
I am new to skincare can you please advise me on what products I should use?
First of all, I recommend you begin by using a retinol or Retin-A product this is the holy grail of anti-aging to date apply a retinol or Retin-A product in your pm routine, in your am routine I recommend a vitamin c serum followed by a hyaluronic acid a good moisturizer and primer if desired followed by a good SPF 30 plus
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a naturally occurring glycosaminoglycan found throughout the body’s connective tissue. Glycosaminoglycans are simply long unbranched carbohydrates, or sugars, called polysaccharides.
HA is the main component of the extracellular matrix, or uh… the thing that holds cells together to form living tissue like skin. It gives your skin structure, is responsible for that plump-hydrated looking effect, plays a pivotal role in the wound healing process, and decreases as we age making us more susceptible to sagging and wrinkles.
For starters, it can bind up to 1000 times its weight in water! That’s one of the main reasons it’s used in skincare — in other words, it functions as a humectant, and holds water molecules onto the surface of your skin to keep it nice and hydrated.
Anytime we are talking about skin that is well moisturized, we’re mainly referring to skin that has a lot of water content. This is the scientific term for the measurement of how much water is evaporated from skin.
When a product prevents TEWL, that means it is keeping your skin hydrated by making sure that water doesn’t escape from its surface. Hyaluronic acid does exactly that, i.e. slows the rate at which water evaporates.
Apart from being a very effective hydrator, a couple of studies have shown that it is very good for healing wounds!
And lastly, hyaluronic acid increases skin elasticity, has been used to treat eczema , facial rosacea, and reduces the appearance of wrinkles.
Vitamin C serums are acidic, which means they slough away dead cells from the skins surface leaving it brighter and smoother. This, in turn, speeds up new cell regeneration, says Susie Wang, cofounder of 100% PURE. “Vitamin C is highly acidic and very bitter, so when applied to the skin, the skin is triggered to ‘heal’ itself by accelerating the production of collagen and elastin Collagen is the protein fibers that make skin plump and prevent sagging; elastin are also protein fibers that help skin bounce back.”
Vitamin C’s anti-aging, damage repairing and UV protecting powers make it one of the Holy Grail ingredients. One of Vitamin C’s biggest uses is for reducing scars, spots and other hyperpigmentation say, dermatologists. “Vitamin C is a well-known brightening agent, as it interferes with abnormal pigmentation through tyrosinase inhibition of the melanin pigment pathway.” What does that mean in layman’s terms? “It is used topically to fade brown spots without altering normal skin pigmentation.
Azelaic acid has anti-inflammatory effects on the skin (reducing redness and swelling in acne-prone skin) in addition to reducing the production of keratin – a protein which can block pores and lead to acne, It can also be of benefit for another skin condition known as rosacea. However, one of the key uses of azelaic acid is its ability to even out pigmentation and to improve skin tone. It can therefore also be useful for helping fade some of the marks left behind after acne. It can be used in the morning and evening. You can use it after cleansing and before applying your other layers of skincare.
While it is an exfoliator that helps to smooth lumps and bumps on your skin, there are many strings to this particular acids bow. Azelaic Acid is most commonly used to treat acne, as it has impressive antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. For these reasons, it’s also been used to help ease rosacea. It is also good for smoothing and reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Pigmentation is another skin concern that Azelaic Acid can help with as it can penetrate your skin’s surface and slow down the production of excess melanin, which can lead to the formation of dark circles.
How often should you use Azelaic Acid?
It’s a relatively gentle acid and can be used daily depending on your skin’s tolerance levels, or two-to-three times a week
Can you use Azelaic Acid with other acids?
Absolutely. If you battle with breakouts and blackheads, incorporating a salicylic acid into your routine as well as Azelaic Acid will offer results. We suggest using them on alternating days to avoid overloading your skin or increasing your chances of irritation